Effects of parenting styles on child development

Effects of parenting styles on child development

The family is given an important and meaningful task. It is the socialization authority for the growing person – the child. The family is the central place for raising children. There the children grow up and learn basic things, both material and non-material values double jogging stroller reviews. It is the place of personal development and aims to let the children grow into self-confident, happy and responsible individuals. But there are different ways and methods to achieve these goals of education. On the one hand, children need clear boundaries and structures in order to cope with everyday life. In contrast to this is the principle of the free development of personality.

The parenting styles play an important role in the development of the individual personality. The question that arises again and again for many parents is how many limits one should set for the child without restricting the child’s needs too much or even disregarding them. The goal of most parents is to raise the child to be a resilient, decisive, independent, disciplined and viable person who is aware of his limits. It is questionable which path one should choose to be able to achieve this goal. Parenting style has changed over time. While the authoritarian style of upbringing, which was characterized by rigor and discipline, was in great demand at the beginning, nowadays parents tend to prefer a style

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Problem definition and research objectives of the thesis

This scientifically based seminar paper is intended to show the effects of parenting styles on the development of the child. Among other things, the problem is addressed to what extent a minor intervention on the part of parents in the upbringing leads to more independence and a sense of responsibility or to be able to achieve this goal, a leading role model is necessary.


To clarify this question, explanations on upbringing and upbringing styles in general are first given. In addition, the primary educational goals – emancipation and maturity – are determined. Then the individual styles of upbringing are defined and their consequences explained.


Upbringing is understood as a form of social interaction and a learning process. Upbringing pursues the purpose of socialization, personalization and enculturation, in which human learning assistance is imperative.

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Authoritarian parenting style

The authoritarian style of upbringing depends on the severity, a high level of rules, high expectations and punishment. Due to the strict rules and commands, it is hardly possible for the children to develop and develop a healthy sense of self. Parents severely restrict their children’s freedom of expression and only negligibly respond to their needs and wishes. 

In addition, authoritarian parents place high demands on their children, which are usually not feasible. Their relationship with the child is cold and hardly sensitive, which counteracts the child’s individuality and independence. The house rules include compliance with many rules, prohibitions and strict obedience.


Children who have been brought up in an authoritarian manner generally have little self-confidence and independence, as well as the inability to make decisions themselves, since in the past all decisions were made by their parents. You suffer from a reduction in creativity and spontaneity because activities are never self-determined. Furthermore, the child is not given any space to develop and develop a healthy sense of self-worth.